What is the best pitch for my authentic Djembe drum? : Alpha Rhythm Roots - Djembe Drumming Blog
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What is the best pitch for my authentic Djembe drum?

by Alpha (Administrator) on 10/06/13

 Nowadays, it seems that almost every Djembe player wants to have a Djembe tuned with the highest pitch possible. A low pitched Djembe is usually considered to be of lower quality. Is this right?


Novice players watch videos of extremely skilled drummers playing very high pitched Djembes as soloist in West African ensembles / orchestras, and seek a Djembe that has the same sound.

They don’t realize that the sound of a Djembe is mainly the result of the player’s skills, independent of the pitch at which the Djembe is tuned. Years of practice is the one thing that makes a Djembe sound great.

Unfortunately, many beginners often underestimate the amount of practice required to get the perfect note while striking the Djembe. As a result, they overpull their Djembes in an effort to compensate for the lack of technique, resulting in a possible head split.


From a West African ensemble / orchestra perspective, different Djembe pitches are required for each rhythm (piece of music). Accompaniment Djembes are usually tuned lower than the Djembe played by the soloist. Often, the rhythm to be played is the one factor in choosing the pitch of each Djembe. Some rhythms are traditionally played with low pitch Djembes, including the soloist Djembe (Ex: Doundoumba rhythms).

In general, the perfect Djembe tuning is directly related to both the rhythm being played, and the tuning of the other instruments of the ensemble / orchestra. This is why the pitch of a single Djembe is really meaningless by itself, and it could be anything you want it to be.


Furthermore, sound quality and pitch level are totally unrelated. Some high pitched Djembes have bad sound quality, just like some very low pitched Djembes have great sound quality.


Look-alike Djembes usually have an average to poor quality sound in either high or low pitch tuning, while unable to provide any playable sound on the opposite side of the sound spectrum.


Advice for novice: Purchase an authentic Djembe, which can produce high quality sound on both low and high pitch tuning. Learn how to quickly tune it up and down.

You will then have a Djembe that can be played in any situation. All you will need at this point is lots of practice and patience.


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